Gregory K. Lawrence

Phone202 862 2483

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Practice Areas

  • Business Fraud & White Collar Defense
  • Commodities & Futures Regulation
  • Corporate
  • Energy & Commodities
  • Energy & Commodities Investigations
  • Swap Regulation
  • Energy & Commodities Regulation & Compliance
  • Energy & Commodities Transactions
  • Financial Regulation
  • Litigation
  • Renewables
 
Contact InfoTelephone: 202 862 2483
Fax: 212 504 6666
http://www.cadwalader.com/professionals/gregory-lawrence
 
University Trinity College, B.A., 1988
 
Law SchoolNew England School of Law, J.D., 1991
 
Admitted1991, Massachusetts; 1993, District of Columbia; New York; U.S. Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit; U.S. Supreme Court
 
Biography

Gregory K. Lawrence focuses on the electricity and natural gas industries, with extensive experience before the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) and multiple state utility commissions regarding regulatory proceedings, compliance and enforcement, transactions and negotiations, asset transfers, and governmental affairs. His clients include financial institutions and funds, marketers, traders, renewable and other project developers, municipal and investor-owned utilities, and large energy consumers.

Recognized as a leading energy and electricity lawyer by Chambers USA, Greg is a frequent speaker at energy industry conferences and a contributor to a wide range of publications, including The Electricity Journal, Electric Light & Power, Energy Risk, Bloomberg Law Reports, Project Finance International, Corporate Counsel, Windpower Engineering, and EnergyLaw 360. He is also the author of a quarterly column in Electric Energy T&D Magazine and of Rationalizing Supply with Demand: Electricity Demand Response in U.S. Wholesale Electricity Markets, a book chapter in US Law and Taxation (Cameron May). He has taught energy seminars at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Sloan School, Cornell Law School, and Syracuse University. Greg recently presented at The Harvard Kennedy School, Harvard Electricity Policy Group, regarding electricity market manipulation legal issues.

A former counsel with the Massachusetts Department of Public Utilities, he is a member of the Energy Bar Association. Greg is a graduate of Trinity College and the New England School of Law. He is admitted to practice in Massachusetts, New York, the District of Columbia, and before the U.S. Court of Appeals (D.C. Cir.) and the U.S. Supreme Court.

Experience

Government Investigations and Compliance

Represented an energy trading company and individual traders regarding FERC manipulation investigation of relational trading, physical power schedules and congestion revenue rights in Western markets, resulting in no enforcement action

Represented a trading company and individuals regarding FERC manipulation investigation of schedules and inaccurate information claims in the CAISO market, , resulting in no enforcement action

Defended energy marketers regarding various FERC enforcement theories involving day-ahead and real-time energy, up-to congestion, virtual, and FTR equivalents transactions, including physical and financial, and fundamental and quantitative trading

Represented an asset manager/generator regarding CFTC review of generator obligations in ERCOT, resulting in no enforcement action

Represented financial institution and asset/manager/generator regarding FERC investigation of capacity supply obligation in ISO-NE, resulting in no enforcement action

Represented an energy trading company and individual traders regarding FERC's manipulation investigation of relational and loss leader trading involving financial products, physical transactions and virtual trading in the eastern interconnect markets including NYISO, ISO-NE, PJM, MISO and Ontario, resulting in a settlement

Represented a trading company regarding FERC enforcement's investigation of Lake Erie electricity loop flow causation and impact, resulting in no enforcement action

Represented energy trading companies and individual traders regarding FERC investigation of manipulation and tariff violation allegations in the western markets and, separately, in the eastern markets, resulting in a closed matters and a settlement

Represented market systems software developer accused of aiding manipulative conduct before California and U.S. legislative committees, the FERC and California PUC, and California attorney general, resulting in no enforcement action

Assisted multiple clients with initial inquiries from market monitors, and various FERC divisions and offices regarding natural gas and electricity matters throughout the U.S.

Assisted a demand response provider regarding enforcement and compliance matters

Assisted wind generator regarding NERC enforcement matter

Advised on and conducted compliance audit regarding regulated utility and marketing affiliate FERC standards of conduct (e.g. including cross subsidy, functional separation, transmission and interconnection issues) and NERC rule implementation

Advise energy companies regarding Dodd-Frank Act (DFA) compliance

Provide several clients with root cause analyses and internal audit services

Established compliance regimes and evaluation metrics for scores of energy companies, including on-going energy trading and scheduling advisory services

Revised natural gas marketers sales and energy asset management operations to ensure FERC compliance, including with Order 712

Advise energy marketer regarding Texas anti-fraud and anti-manipulation rules

Federal and State Regulatory Matters

Advised energy company regarding capacity supply obligations in ISO-NE

Advise energy marketers regarding market design and policy issues involving day-ahead and real-time energy, up-to congestion, virtual, and FTR equivalents transactions, including fundamental and quantitative trading

Advise energy companies regarding DFA swap dealer analysis, on-going business structure, compliance and timelines

Advise energy companies regarding numerous energy contract DFA issues including swaps and options definitions, embedded optionality, trade options and advisor issues

Advised generation developer regarding New Jersey and Maryland contract for difference long-term capacity rules, agreements and court challenges

Represented a utility and its marketing affiliate in FERC pipeline wholesale rate and tariff proceeding resulting in successful settlement

Represented large department store chain as an energy consumer in retail rate, demand response and energy efficiency proceedings before 10 state utility commissions

Submitted time-sensitive requests for FERC authorization and related waivers to transfer energy assets including contracts and capacity rights on behalf of various banks and funds under the FPA and NGA

Represented financial institution before FERC regarding ancillary services markets and procurement resulting in a successful settlement

Represented regulated utility in merger proceeding before the FERC

Advised multiple trading companies regarding PJM, ISO-NE, CAISO, MISO, IESO and NYISO and retail market design and rules

Advised wind and geothermal developers regarding interconnection and transmission requirements in MISO, NYISO and other regions

Reviewed multiple state public utility status rules for rooftop solar developers

Advised traders and developers regarding state RPS and REC documentation, trading, and tracking rules throughout the United States

Develop regulatory strategy for cross-border Canadian LNG project

Counseled clients regarding matters before more than 20 state utility commissions

Transactional and Project Development Matters

Lead regulatory counsel advising trading entity's $3.5 billion acquisition of a bank's global commodity business

Lead regulatory counsel on acquisition of natural gas trading business

Represented energy trading company in the potential acquisition of the book of trades and transactions of another trading entity

Develop trading, financing and wholesale power supply documentation and regulatory licensing for two retail marketers

Represented renewable power developer regarding regulatory issues in sale of 100 MW biomass facility located in Texas

Represented a bank subsidiary regarding regulatory matters in its formation of a strategic alliance with a national solar project developer

Represented banks regarding standard offer/default/basic generation service procurements (e.g., auctions), supply contracts and credit support in 11 states

Represented a wind developer regarding regulatory issues associated with a secured financial hedge as part of the financing of wind facilities

Negotiated multiple PPAs and REC agreements for multiple facilities and buyers utilizing various master and homegrown formats and credit support methods

Conducted large scale due diligence and advised investor/developer regarding interconnection and transmission rights, including issues of site control and queue position, regarding wind projects in the west/mid-west

Developed municipal cooperative generation project structures and documentation

Negotiated generation operation and maintenance, lease, and development agreements for power plant projects

Analyzed the restructuring and acquisition of debt and equity in 10 distressed generation companies throughout the United States

Represented large department store chain as an energy consumer regarding solar and wind PPA and REC agreements

News

News Releases

Cadwalader Advises Mercuria Energy Group in Acquisition of JPMorgan's Physical Energy and Commodities Business

Oct 03, 2014

Cadwalader Advises Exelon Corporation in Acquisition of Integrys Energy Services

Jul 30, 2014

Cadwalader Recognized Among Leading Firms in The Legal 500 US 2014

Jun 27, 2014

Cadwalader Advises Mercuria on Acquisition of J.P. Morgan's Energy and Commodities Trading Company

Mar 19, 2014

Cadwalader Recognized for Excellence at 2013 Commodity Business Awards

Nov 21, 2013

Cadwalader Recognized in 2013 Edition of The Legal 500 US

Oct 25, 2013

More Than 25 Cadwalader Attorneys in 17 Practice Areas Recognized by 2013 Chambers Global Guide

Apr 08, 2013

Cadwalader Expands D.C. Office With Launch of Energy and Commodities Advisory Practice

Jan 20, 2011

Recent Press

Early Dissents Hint Future FERC Chair Won't Pull Punches

Oct 02, 2014

CFTC-FERC Deal Leaves Enforcement Question Unanswered

Jan 09, 2014

FERC's Lessons From DC Energy Rehearing Order

Jul 24, 2013

Recognition

Cadwalader Recognized Among Leading Firms in The Legal 500 US 2014

Jun 27, 2014

Chambers and Partners USA 2014

May 23, 2014

Cadwalader Recognized for Excellence at 2013 Commodity Business Awards

Nov 21, 2013

Cadwalader Recognized in 2013 Edition of The Legal 500 US

Oct 25, 2013

Chambers and Partners USA 2013

May 24, 2013

Chambers and Partners USA 2012

Jun 07, 2012

Resources

Clients & Friends Memos

On to the Supreme Court? The D.C. Circuit Denies FERC's Request for Rehearing En Banc of its Decision to Vacate FERC's Demand Response Rule

Sep 29, 2014

Clear Rift Highlighted by Commissioners' Lack of Action on New England's Most Recent Forward Capacity Auction Results

Sep 24, 2014

Gloves Are Off: FERC Issues Public Notice of Alleged Violations in Powhatan Investigation

Aug 08, 2014

More FERC Federalism: D.C. Circuit Affirms FERC's Jurisdiction Again - New England Power Generators Ass'n v. FERC

Jul 14, 2014

Update Regarding D.C. Circuit's Demand Response Ruling

Jun 16, 2014

EPA Proposes First Carbon Emissions Limits for Power Plants

Jun 04, 2014

D.C. Circuit Vacates FERC's Wholesale Demand Response Compensation Rule Because It Goes Too Far

Jun 02, 2014

FERC Orders Evidentiary Hearing for Alleged Market Manipulation by BP

May 19, 2014

Significant Upwind Impact: The Supreme Court Upholds Cross-State Air Pollution Rule

May 09, 2014

Going Public: Powhatan Energy Fund's Insurance Policy Regarding FERC Enforcement's Non-Public Manipulation Investigation into the Fund's High-Frequency PJM Trading Activity

May 05, 2014

FERC Enforcement Director Calls for Legislative Fix to Address Hunter Decision

Jan 24, 2014

FERC and CFTC Reach Agreement on Information Sharing and Jurisdiction

Jan 07, 2014

2013 FERC Report Confirms Increased Enforcement Activity

Dec 09, 2013

FERC Denies Rehearing in DC Energy - Clarifies Position on Reportable IBTs and Side Steps Jurisdictional Issue

Jul 16, 2013

FERC Commissioners Receive ISO/RTO Gas-Electric Coordination Reports at Open Meeting, Significant Issues Remain

May 20, 2013

CFTC Issues Final Exemption Order for RTO/ISO Transactions

Apr 03, 2013

First Ever Admission of Violation in FERC Manipulation Action

Nov 20, 2012

FERC Confirms It Lacks Jurisdiction over Unbundled Renewable Energy Certificate Sales

Apr 30, 2012

FERC Issues Orders on MISO Net Zero Interconnection Service

Apr 13, 2012

FERC Finds More Credible a Postage Stamp New Transmission Cost Allocation for PJM

Apr 09, 2012

EPA Proposes CO2 Emissions Standards for New Fossil Fuel-Fired Power Generators

Apr 03, 2012

Senator Stabenow's Alternative Energy Tax Incentive Measure Fails to Pass Senate

Mar 19, 2012

Clean Energy Standard Legislation Introduced in Senate

Mar 02, 2012

Duke-Progress Merger Delayed by FERC Ruling; Implementing Tariffs Also Rejected Without Prejudice

Dec 19, 2011

First Time for Everything: Finding Unduly Discriminatory Treatment of Wind Generators and Compelling Circumstances, FERC Exercises Its Section 211A Authority to Order BPA to Change Its Ways

Dec 13, 2011

FERC Issues Order Denying Hunter Rehearing Request on Alleged Market Manipulation

Nov 22, 2011

FERC Office of Enforcement Issues 2011 Report on Enforcement

Nov 22, 2011

FERC Orders Trader to Pay $30 Million for Market Manipulation

Apr 22, 2011

Articles

Confusion Over FERC Rules Will Remain After Powhatan

Jun 11, 2014

Avoiding the 'Al Capone' Trap: The Dangers of Supplying Inaccurate Information to FERC

Nov 01, 2013

FERC Enforcement: The Pit and the Pendulum

Apr 01, 2013

Crippling regulatory uncertainty, overstepping seen in recent FERC enforcement actions

Dec 03, 2012

Generation Investors Step Up to the Plate: What's FERC Pitching?

May 01, 2012

Line Re-Rating: A Bridge Over Generation Interconnection Troubles

Mar 01, 2012

Excuse Me, But FERC Enforcement Is On the Phone...

Feb 10, 2012

The Bigger Picture U.S. Renewable Transmission and Interconnection Reform: Can't Get There from Here?

Apr 01, 2011

Gearing Up for GHG Regulation

Jul 01, 2010

To Disclose or Not to Disclose? What is Climate Change's Impact on Your Utility?

Jun 10, 2010

Emerging Paths for Climate Change Regulation in the United States

Jun 01, 2010

Events

Harvard Electricity Policy Group Seventy-Fifth Plenary Session

Jun 12, 2014

FERC Enforcement 2.0: A Timely Roundtable Discussion

May 21, 2014

ERCOT Market Summit 2014

Feb 24, 2014

ACI's 8th National Forum on Energy Trading Compliance & Regulatory Enforcement

Nov 21, 2013

Platts 6th Annual Nodal Trader Conference

Oct 28, 2013

Energy, Business, Diversity and the Law Symposium

Oct 15, 2013

2013 Energy & Commodities Conference

Oct 10, 2013

Electricity and Natural Gas Coordination: As Winter Approaches, Regulators and the Energy Industry Respond

Oct 08, 2013

Harvard Electricity Policy Group Meeting

Jun 13, 2013

11th Annual Gas and Power Institute

Aug 23, 2012

CTRM Technical Conference 2012

Jul 11, 2012

Distressed Energy Investments

Jun 14, 2012

Newsletter

White Collar Defense and Investigations Advisor

The Dodd-Frank Whistleblower Provisions: Considerations for Effectively Preparing for and Responding to Whistleblowers

May 26, 2011

FinCEN Issues Final Rule on Foreign Bank Account Reporting (FBAR)

Mar 01, 2011 (Also at Washington, DC Office)

 
ISLN900924475
 

Documents by this lawyer on Martindale.com

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Clear Rift Highlighted by Commissioners’ Lack of Action on New England’s Most Recent Forward Capacity Auction Results
Terence T. Healey,Kenneth W. Irvin,Gregory K. Lawrence,Thomas Reid Millar, October 22, 2014
On September 16, 2014, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission’s four Commissioners issued statements explaining a 2-2 deadlock between Chairman LaFleur and Commissioner Moeller on the one hand and Commissioner Clark and new Commissioner Bay on the other, over whether to accept rates...

On to the Supreme Court? The D.C. Circuit Denies FERC’s Request for Rehearing En Banc of its Decision to Vacate FERC’s Demand Response Rule
Terence T. Healey,Kenneth W. Irvin,Gregory K. Lawrence,Thomas Millar, October 6, 2014
On September 17, 2014, the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit denied the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission’s request for rehearing en banc of the D.C. Circuit’s decision to vacate FERC’s wholesale demand response compensation rule. The D.C....

Gloves Are Off: FERC Issues Public Notice of Alleged Violations in Powhatan Investigation
Terence T. Healey,Gregory K. Lawrence,Christopher J. Polito, August 14, 2014
On August 5, 2014, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission ("FERC") issued a public Staff Notice of Alleged Violations ("NAV") regarding alleged manipulative Up To Congestion trading by Powhatan Energy Fund (Powhatan) in the PJM energy market. The NAV states that FERC’s...



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Office Information

Gregory K. Lawrence


New YorkNY 10281-0006




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