- Criminal Law
- Civil Trial
University of Iowa, B.B.A., with distinction, 1972
University of Iowa, J.D., with distinction, 1975
1975, Iowa, U.S. District Court, Northern and Southern Districts of Iowa and U.S. Court of Appeals, Eighth Circuit; 1987, U.S. Supreme Court; 2000, U.S. District Court, Central District of Illinois
Johnson County (Secretary, 1979-1981; Vice President, 2004-2005; President, 2005-2006), Iowa State (Member, Criminal Law Litigation Section; Board of Governors) and American (Member, Committees on: Ethics and Professionalism; Trial Evidence; Trial Practice; Criminal Law Litigation Section) Bar Associations; American College of Trial Lawyers (Member, Iowa State Committee); Iowa Academy of Trial Lawyers (President, 2011-2012; Vice President, 2010-2011; Board of Governors, 2004—); Iowa Association for Justice; American Association for Justice; American Judicature Society; National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers; American Inns of Court (Master; President, Dean Mason Ladd Inn, 1995-1996).
Blue Grass, Iowa, October 8, 1950
Phi Eta Sigma; Omicron Delta Kappa. Judicial Magistrate, Sixth Judicial District of Iowa, 1978-1983. Instructor, Trial Advocacy, University of Iowa College of Law, 1996—.
Iowa State Bar Foundation.
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