Finnish Bar Association
Simonkatu 12 B
FIN 00100 Helsinki
Tel: +358 9 6866 120
Fax: +358 9 6866 1299
Number of Members: 1,500
The Bar Association has about 1 500 members, who are thus designated "advocates" in Finnish: asianajaja; in Swedish: advokat. Law firms additionally employ about 300 associates. Of the advocates, about 80 are municipal public legal advisers. Legal aid offices also employ about 200 legal advisers who are not members of the Bar Association.
In Finland practically anybody can advise on and assist in legal matters, also professionally. However, there are very few such advisers who have not taken a Master of Laws degree.
Practising lawyers who are not members of the Bar Association may perhaps not meet the requirements for an advocate, or may prefer not to submit to the obligations of an advocate. Lawyers who have recently graduated from university, for instance, or lawyers who have just started practising or transferred from other fields of law, do not fulfil the requirements, neither do part-time lawyers. A lawyer who has been dismissed from the Bar Association owing to disciplinary measures can still pursue his profession under other professional title; in this case, however, such a lawyer practises without the obligations of an advocate and outside the supervision of the Bar Association.
Central activities of the Bar Association and its organization
These aims are stipulated in the articles of the Bar Association, which the Ministry of Justice has confirmed by a separate decision. The highest decision-making body of the Bar Association is the delegation, the representatives of which are elected by the local Chapters of the Association in relation to the number of their members. A board consists of a chairman, deputy chairman and seven other members from different parts of the country and representing both linguistic groups. The Disciplinary Board, which deals with the more important matters concerning the supervision of advocates, consists of a chairman and eight members. Two of these members are elected from outside the advocate profession; before their election, the Ministry of Justice will issue an opinion on their suitability. The Board appoints a number of committees to assist it.
The Bar Association has an autonomous position in relation to the government. Decisions in issues regarding membership, matters concerning professional supervision of advocates, and arbitration awards regarding disputes on fees, are taken as judges decide in litigations.
Continuing Legal Education Requirements
Code of Ethics
Grounds for Fees
Disputes Concerning Fees
Practice by Foreign Lawyers
Journal or Newsletter
Current Officers & Leadership