Troy A. Eid

Denver,  CO  U.S.A.

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Practice Areas

  • Litigation
  • American Indian Law
  • Environmental
  • Global Energy & Infrastructure
  • Government Law & Policy
  • Catastrophe Planning & Response
  • Financial Regulatory and Compliance Group
  • White Collar Criminal Defense
  • Health Care
  • Hospitals
  • and Regulatory Law and Compliance
  • Gaming
Contact InfoTelephone: 303.572.6521
Fax: 303.572.6540
University Stanford University, A.B., 1986
Law SchoolUniversity of Chicago Law School, J.D., 1991
Admitted1991, Colorado; 2005, Navajo Nation; Hualapai Indian Tribe; Supreme Court of the United States; U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit; U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit; U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit; U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit; U.S. Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit; U.S. District Court for the District of Colorado

Professional & Community Involvement

•At-Large Member, United States Sentencing Commission, Tribal Issues Advisory Committee, 2015-Present
•Board Member, Mesa Verde National Park Foundation, 2011-Present
•Adjunct Professor, American Indian Law, University of Colorado School of Law
•American Marshall Memorial Fellowship, German Marshall Fund of the United States
•Appointed to and elected Chair, U.S. Indian Law and Order Commission
•Board Member, Tesoro Foundation
•Board of Visitors Member, University of Denver Graduate School of Social Work
•Chair, Navajo Nation Bar Association Training Committee
•Member, American Bar Association
•Member, American Law Institute; currently working on the proposed inaugural ALI Restatement on the Law of American Indians
•Member, Colorado Bar Association
•Member, Federal Bar Association
•Member, National Association of Former United States Attorneys
•Member, Navajo Nation Bar Association
•Member, Rocky Mountain Mineral Law Foundation
•Member, U.S.-Spain Young Leaders Program
•Trans-Atlantic Forum, Bertelsmann Foundation-Center for Applied Policy Research, University of Munich (Germany)

LanguagesRussian, Conversational; Navajo, Conversational
BornChicago, Illinois, November 2, 1963

Troy A. Eid is a nationally known legal expert on environmental enforcement, investigations and compliance, energy and natural resource development, and Federal Indian law and Native American and Alaska Native tribal law. A former United States Attorney who has served both Republican and Democratic Presidential administrations, and a past state cabinet officer for the State of Colorado, Troy is a trusted public figure in the Rocky Mountain West and Washington, DC, and a familiar face in many federal, state and tribal courtrooms across the country.

Troy, who first joined the firm in 2003, co-founded and co-chairs Greenberg Traurig's American Indian Law Practice Group, one of the largest and highest-rated legal teams in the United States. A principal shareholder with Greenberg Traurig's Denver office, Troy practices at the trial and appellate level. He has successfully defended clients in some of the largest and highest-profile environmental enforcement actions ever filed by U.S. Department of Justice under the Clean Water Act and other federal laws, as well as in grand jury proceedings. Troy is also frequently sought as a mediator and arbitrator, especially in cases involving Indian tribes and tribal enterprises.

An experienced legal project manager, Troy has coordinated various inter-disciplinary legal and consulting teams in numerous large-scale energy infrastructure projects, including natural gas pipelines, transmission lines, highways and railroads. He specializes in civil and criminal investigations involving petroleum-related leaks and spills, uranium contamination, hazardous waste pollution, asbestos, and other environmental and workplace safety matters, as well as health care and hospital-related regulatory, permitting and compliance projects. Troy is also a recognized authority on Native American cultural resource protection and related government-to-government consultation between tribes and the federal government under the National Historic Preservation Act, National Environmental Policy Act, and other laws.

Troy is well-respected on both sides of the aisle for his professional knowledge and expertise, especially as it relates to energy, natural resource, criminal justice, and other legal and public policy matters concerning the American West.

He served as Colorado's United States Attorney from 2006-09, appointed by President George W. Bush. From 2010-14, Troy was elected to chair the Indian Law and Order Commission (ILOC), an independent national advisory board created by the Tribal Law and Order Act to advise President Obama and Congress on public safety improvements for all 566 federally recognized Native American and Alaska Native tribes and nations. The ILOC's landmark 2013 report, A Roadmap for Making Native America Safer, proposes the most sweeping criminal justice reforms in Federal Indian law and policy since the New Deal. Endorsed by the American Bar Association, the ILOC's Roadmap helped lead to the enactment of the Violence Against Women Act Amendments recognizing tribes' criminal jurisdiction to prosecute non-Indian perpetrators in domestic violence cases.

A recipient of the Navajo Nation Bar Association's Member of the Year Award, Troy grew up in Colorado and graduated from Stanford University and the University of Chicago Law School. He clerked for Judge Edith H. Jones of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit. He has been recognized for distinguished public service by the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the U.S. Secret Service, the Drug Enforcement Administration, and other federal and state law enforcement agencies. He was also recognized by Law Week Colorado as Colorado Lawyer of Year for representing the seller of the HealthOne hospital system in Colorado, the largest hospital-related transaction ever in the Rocky Mountain West.

A regular contributor to the national edition of Native American Law360 and other Law360 publications, Troy teaches energy, natural resources, environmental and Federal Indian law as an Adjunct Professor of Law at the University of Denver-Sturm College of Law. He currently serves as an At-Large Member on the Tribal Issues Advisory Board of the United States Sentencing Commission, an independent agency within the Federal judiciary that is assessing the impact of the Federal Sentencing Guidelines in criminal convictions involving Native Americans and Alaska Natives.

Areas of Concentration

• Litigation
• American Indian law
• Energy and natural resources
• Environmental law
• Regulatory compliance
• Investigations
• Dispute resolution
• Governmental affairs
• Crisis management
• White collar crime
• Health care, hospitals, and regulatory law and compliance

Professional and Community Involvement

• Elected Member, Navajo Nation Commission on Judicial Conduct, 2015
• At-Large Member, United States Sentencing Commission, Tribal Issues Advisory Committee, 2015-Present
• Board Member, Mesa Verde National Park Foundation, 2011-Present
• Adjunct Professor, American Indian Law, University of Denver - Sturm College of Law
• American Marshall Memorial Fellowship, German Marshall Fund of the United States
• Appointed to and elected Chair, U.S. Indian Law and Order Commission
• Board of Visitors Member, University of Denver Graduate School of Social Work
• Member, Navajo Nation Bar Association
• Member, American Bar Association
• Member, American Law Institute; currently working on the Restatement of the Law of American Indians
• Member, Colorado Bar Association
• Member, Federal Bar Association
• Member, National Association of Former United States Attorneys
• Member, Rocky Mountain Mineral Law Foundation

Awards and Recognition

• Team Member, a U.S. News - Best Lawyers, Best Law Firms Edition, Law Firm of the Year, Environmental Law, 2016
• Selected, Law Week Colorado, Barrister's Best - Environmental Law, 2015
• Selected, 5280's Top Lawyers, Native American Law, 2015
• Listed, Denver Business Journal, Who's Who in Energy, 2014-2015
• Listed, The Best Lawyers in America, Native American Law, 2013-2015
• Listed, Super Lawyers magazine, Colorado Super Lawyers, 2006-2009, 2011-2015
• Listed, Chambers USA Guide, 2010-2015
• Team Member, a U.S. News - Best Lawyers Government Relations Law Firm of the Year, 2014
• Selected, Law Week Colorado, Colorado Lawyer of the Year, 2011
• Member, U.S.-Spain Young Leaders Program, 2002
• Trans-Atlantic Forum, Bertelsmann Foundation-Center for Applied Policy Research, University of Munich (Germany), 2001 and 2002
• Rated, AV Preeminent 5.0 out of 5

AV, BV, AV Preeminent and BV Distinguished are registered certification marks of Reed Elsevier Properties Inc., used under in accordance with the Martindale-Hubbell certification procedures, standards and policies.

Previous Employment

• United States Attorney, District of Colorado, August 2006-January 2009
• Cabinet Member, Colorado Governor Bill Owens, 1999-2003
• Chief Operating Officer & General Counsel, InfoTEST International, an Internet applications development consortium founded by Hewlett-Packard Co. and including AT&T, Sprint, IBM, 3M, Harvard University and 60 corporations, universities and research laboratories, 1994-1998
• Associate, Holme Roberts & Owen LLP, Denver, Colorado, 1992-1994
• Law Clerk to Judge Edith H. Jones, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit, 1991-1992

Associated News & Events

Press Releases

11.03.15 Greenberg Traurig Named 'Law Firm of the Year' for Environmental Law
09.30.15 Greenberg Traurig Shareholder Troy A. Eid Elected to Serve on the Navajo Nation Judicial Conduct Commission
05.27.15 Greenberg Traurig Environmental Attorneys Named in 2015 Chambers USA Guide
05.22.15 Greenberg Traurig Attorneys, Practices Included in the 2015 Chambers USA Guide
03.02.15 Greenberg Traurig's Troy Eid Appointed to U.S. Sentencing Commission's Tribal Issues Advisory Group
12.10.14 Three Greenberg Traurig Shareholders Listed in The Business Journals' 2014-2015 “ Who's Who in Energy”
11.14.14 Greenberg Traurig's Environmental Practice Receives Top Tier Rankings in U.S. News - Best Lawyers 2015 ' Best Law Firms' List
05.23.14 Greenberg Traurig Attorneys, Practices Included in 2014 Chambers USA Guide
08.16.13 12 Greenberg Traurig Denver Attorneys Included in 2014 Edition of Best Lawyers in America
05.28.13 Chambers USA Guide 2013 Includes 171 Greenberg Traurig Attorneys, 33 Practice Areas

Published Articles

10.07.15 Fall Of Fracking Rule: When Agencies Don't Consult Tribes
07.20.15 Federal Narcotics Laws Can Still Trump Tribal Sovereignty
12.01.10 Separate but Unequal: The Federal Criminal Justice System in Indian Country
08.03.10 Bringing justice to Indian Country
03.01.10 The Tribal Law and Order Act: An Aggressive Fight Worth Winning
11.25.09 Federal actions speak louder than words
10.01.09 Making Indian Country Safer: Colorado's Admirable Experiment
10.01.09 An anti-terror census
04.01.09 Making Indian Country Safer: Opportunities for the Obama Administration

Articles, Publications, & Lectures


Law360 Expert Analysis Features

• Author, Fall of Fracking Rule: When Agencies Don't Consult Tribes, Law360, October 7, 2015
• Author, Federal Narcotics Laws Can Still Trump Tribal Sovereignty, Law360, July 20, 2015
• Author, Why Solar Projects Move Forward Despite Tribes' Objections, Law360, June 22, 2015
• Author, New Mexico High Court Ruling May Make Indian Country Safer, Law360, May 27, 2015

Published Articles

• Co-Author, Indian Law and Order Commission Proposals Gain Ground, Federal Lawyer, June 2015
• Author, Making Native America Safer and More Just for All Americans, Human Rights magazine, American Bar Association, May 2015
• Author, Colorado's Gregory J. Hobbs, Jr.: At the Headwaters of Justice, University of Denver Water Law Review, Spring 2015
• Author, Indian Youth Hurt by Colorado's Marijuana Experiment, The Denver Post, Opinion, July 26, 2014
• Featured, Eid Completes Term as Chair of Indian Law and Order Commission, NAFUSA Update, May 2014
• Book review of David S. Case and David A. Voluck Alaska Natives and American Laws, Alaska Law Review, VOL. 30:2, pp. 223-230, 2013
• Book review of Barbara Cosens and Judith V. Royster, The Future of Indian and Federal Reserved Water Rights, in SOUTH DAKOTA HISTORY, Vol. 43, No. 1, Spring 2013
• Co-Author, Separate But Unequal: The Federal Criminal Justice System in Indian Country, University of Colorado Law Review, Fall 2010
• Author, The Tribal Law and Order Act: An 'Aggressive Fight' Worth Winning, The Federal Lawyer, March/April 2010
• Author, Federal Actions Speak Louder than Words, Indian Country Today, November 25, 2009
• Author, Making Indian Country Safer: Colorado's 'Admirable' Experiment, The Colorado Lawyer, October 2009
• Author, Making Indian Country Safer: Opportunities for the Obama Administration, Federal Indian Law, April 2009
• Author, Beyond Oliphant: Strengthening Criminal Justice in Indian Country, The Federal Lawyer, March/April 2007
• Co-Author, Strategic Democracy-Building: How States Can Help (co-authored with Governor Bill Owens), Alexander T.J. Lennon, editor, Winning Hearts and Minds: Using Soft Power to Undermine Terrorist Networks, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press, pp. 130-149, 2003


• Quoted, No Jail Time for Troubled Kids: Radical Fixes for Juvenile Justice, Indian Country Today Media Network, July 24, 2015
• Featured by Dan Frosch, Federal Panel Reviewing Native American Sentencing, The Wall Street Journal, April 22, 2015
• Quoted, Indian Tribes' New Negotiating Power Costs Utilities - Governments Demand Much Higher Right-of-Way Fees on Reservations, The Wall Street Journal, April 29, 2014
• Quoted, Legal Marijuana Raises Issues for Indian Tribes, Time online, February 6, 2014
• Guest Commentator, Colorado State of Mind, The state of Public Safety and Justice in Western U.S. Indian Country, as reported in the recent report from the National Indian Law and Order Commission on Rocky Mountain PBS (Channel 6-Denver/Front Range; Channel 8-Pueblo/Colorado Springs; Channel 18-Grand Junction/western Colorado), January 17, 2014
• Mentioned, Sen. Dorgan on Native Youth, Sequestration, and the Dysfunctional Congress, Indian Country Today Media Network, December 23, 2013
• Invited Guest, Tribal Law and Order in Alaska, Alaska Public Radio Network, November 15, 2013

Selected Speaking Engagements

• Program Co-Chair, Consulting with Tribes on Energy Projects, Cultural Resources Law 8th Annual Conference, Minneapolis, MN, October 19-20, 2015
• Presenter, The Third Sovereign Indian Tribes in the Federal Constitutional System, The Federalist Society (Aug. 18, 2015).
• Keynote Speaker, Respecting Anglo-American and Navajo Ethical Systems, Navajo Nation Bar Association, Twin Arrows, AZ, June 4, 2015
• Speaker, Alaska Native Nations: Building the Next 10, 000 Years, Our Ways of Life Lock-in, First Alaskans Institute, Bethel, AK, March 3, 2015
• Speaker, Marijuana, Federal Law and Tribal Sovereignty, Tribal Nations' Marijuana Conference, Tulalip, WA, February 27, 2015
• Speaker, Endorsing the Recommendations of the Indian Law and Order Commission in support of Resolution 111A, American Bar Association House of Delegates, Houston, TX, February 9, 2015
• Presenter, Ethics in Navajo Traditional Law, Navajo Nation Bar Association, Window Rock, AZ, December 5, 2014
• Presenter, Colorado's Marijuana Experiment, Economic Club of Colorado, October 20, 2014
• Testified before the U.S. Attorney General's Task Force on Native American and Alaska Native Children Exposed to Violence, Anchorage, AK, June 11, 2014
• Panelist, Implementing the Violence Against Women Act, National Congress of American Indians, Anchorage, AK, June 9, 2014
• Testified before the U.S. Department of the Interior field hearing regarding proposed revisions to federal regulations governing the conversion of fee property into federal trust status in the State of Alaska, Anchorage, AK, June 9, 2014
• Keynote Speaker, Southern Florida Tribes and the Law, Florida International University Law Review Annual Conference, Boca Raton, FL, February 28, 2014
• Speaker, Ethics, the Water Law Context, 20th Annual Conference, Western Water Law Institute, Las Vegas, NV, November 14, 2013
• Presenter, Indian Law and Order Commission - Roadmap with Recommendations to Make Indian Country Safer, White House Tribal Nations Conference, Washington, DC, November 13, 2013
• Testified before the Legal Services Corporation Board of Directors, LSC Funding for the Representation of Indigent Defendants in Tribal Court Criminal Proceedings, Denver, CO, July 22, 2013
• Presenter, The Tribal Law and Order Act and the Violence Against Women Act, annual Inter-Tribal Consultation for the U.S. Attorney's Office for the District of Arizona, U.S. Department of Justice, Twin Arrows (Navajo Nation), AZ, July 18, 2013
• Keynote Address, Beyond the Violence Against Women Act: Closing the Public Safety Gap in Native America by 2024, National Congress of American Indians, plenary session, Reno, NV, June 25, 2013
• Mediator, Tribal Consultation between the State of Colorado and the Northern Cheyenne, Northern Arapaho, and Southern Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes regarding the Sand Creek Massacre exhibit, Colorado State History Museum (History Colorado Center), June 18-19, 2013
• Panelist, The 2013 Violence Against Women Act Reauthorization Amendments: Perspectives from Federal, Navajo and Hopi Law, Navajo Nation Bar Association annual conference, Flagstaff, AZ, June 7, 2013
• Panelist, Energy! Enlightening & Invigorating the Practice of Indian Law, 38th Annual Federal Bar Association Indian Law Conference, Santa Fe, NM, April 11-12, 2013
• Panelist, Washington vs. Washington (and Colorado): Who Should Decide About Marijuana? The Brookings Institute, Washington, D.C., January 8, 2013
• Opening Speaker, Introducing the Work of the Tribal Law and Order Commission (TLOC), Harvard Law School Tribal Courts Symposium, Cambridge, MA, November 8, 2012
• Panelist, Marijuana at the Crossroads: A Symposium, University of Denver Sturm College of Law, Denver, CO, January 27, 2012
• Testified before the U.S. Senate Committee on Indian Affairs, Has the Tribal Law & Order Act Strengthened Public Safety and Justice Throughout Indian Country? September 22, 2011
• Presenter, Restructuring Justice in Indian Country, U.S. Department of Justice's government-to-government consultations with Native American Tribal leaders, Tribal Law & Order Act of 2010, Scottsdale, AZ, May 11, 2011 and Billings, MT, May 16, 2011
• Panelist Access to Justice for Native American Women and Alaska Native Women, Civil Liberties Conference, ACLU Northwest, October 29, 2010
• Panelist, Shoring up the Foundations of Federal Indian Law and Policy for an Era of Nation Building, Tribal Leaders Forum, June 9, 2010
• Testified before the Navajo Nation Council, Criminal Extradition Laws and Navajo Nation Sovereignty, Window Rock, AZ, March 4, 2010
• Panelist, Criminal Jurisdiction in Indian Country, The Next Great Generation of Indian Law Judges Conference, Boulder, CO, January 29, 2010
• Panelist, The Impact of 9/11 - From Bush to Obama, German Marshall Forum, October 23, 2009
• Witness, United States Senate Committee on Indian Affairs, Hearing on S.797 - the Tribal Law and Order Act of 2009, June 2009

Reported CasesSignificant Representations: Represented the nation's largest interstate natural gas pipeline company in the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth and District of Columbia Circuits in several challenges by Indian tribes and non-governmental organizations to pipeline construction activity on federal non-tribal public lands, including claims arising under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), the National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA), and the Religious Freedom Restoration Act (RFRA).; On behalf of a leading energy company, negotiated extensive off-site mitigation agreements with Indian tribes and nations to accelerate project construction, and mitigate construction damage, to various cultural resources on non-tribal federal public lands identified by tribal governments, during the government-to-government consultations process pursuant to Section 106 of the NHPA, as sacred to tribal members.; Served as chief litigation counsel to one of the world's largest corporations in a Clean Water Act (CWA) storm-water enforcement action by the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), settling the case and negotiating a national consent decree in federal court.; Acted as seller's counsel in the proposed $1.45 billion sale of The Colorado Health Foundation's equity interest in the HealthOne Medical System, which includes seven Denver-area acute-care hospitals.; Represented a tribal government's oil and gas commission in seeking federal administrative enforcement of mineral-leasing obligations by a private oil and gas exploration company operating on the tribe's lands.; Negotiated a tribal monitoring agreement on an energy company's behalf to enable Native American tribal members to monitor construction-related activities on non-tribal public and private land within the tribe's traditional homelands.; Served as litigation co-counsel, in federal and tribal court, to a private developer facing a purported eminent-domain action by a tribal government against a non-Indian property interest.; Provided counsel to a coalition of energy-producing Indian tribes and nations seeking to amend federal law to encourage energy exploration and development on Native American lands.; Advised various oil and gas exploration companies on compliance with Tribal Employment Rights Ordinances (TEROs) imposed and enforced by Native American tribal governments.; Served as litigation counsel to a private developer in related tribal and federal court actions against an Indian tribe and a tribal enterprise stemming from a major tourism facility joint venture on tribal lands.; Counseled a state oil and gas trade association on compliance with energy-related taxation on Indian lands.; Negotiated large-scale energy right-of-way renewal agreements with tribal governments on Indian lands.; Represented an energy company as litigation counsel in a federal lawsuit involving the valuation of energy right-of-way on Indian allotted lands.; Defended an environmental remediation company in tribal and federal workplace safety enforcement actions.; Served as litigation counsel to an oil and gas exploration and production company in a mineral-leasing assignment lawsuit against a tribal government in tribal court, as well as a related federal administrative proceeding.; Worked with energy companies and a Native American tribal government to develop a joint strategy for addressing proposed federal environmental regulations on and near the tribe's reservation.; Counseled an energy company on ensuring compliance with an Indian tribe's new Superfund law.; Served as legal counsel to an Indian tribe in state and federal re-licensure and related regulatory proceedings relating to a uranium mill on nearby lands.; Represented an energy company in a federal lawsuit against various federal agencies involving former uranium mill sites, with claims arising under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) and the Uranium Mill Tailings Reclamation and Control Act (UMTRCA).; Assisted an international mining company in addressing a Native American tribal governmental ban on uranium mining and processing.; Developed a tribal outreach program for a privately held company that provides federally funded visiting nursing and home health-care services to seriously ill uranium miners and millers on Indian reservations in the Four Corners states.; Appointed by an Indian tribe as Independent Investigator to uncover an alleged election fraud and vote-buying scheme in Tribal Council elections and determine whether the tribe's criminal laws were violated.; Served as counsel to an Indian tribal government in a civil rights investigation into denial of emergency medical services to tribal members at an off-reservation hospital.; Developed a compliance plan for a company seeking to operate non-gaming equipment in a tribally owned and operated casino.

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Office Information

Troy A. Eid

1200 17th Street, Suite 2400
DenverCO 80202


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