Troy A. Eid is a principal shareholder in GT's Denver office and co-chairs the firm's American Indian Law Practice Group. He focuses his litigation practice on environmental enforcement, investigations and compliance, energy and natural resource development, and Federal Indian law and Native American and Alaska Native tribal law. The former United States Attorney for the District of Colorado, and a past state cabinet officer for Colorado's Governor, Troy is a trusted public figure, advocate and mediator in the Rocky Mountain West and in federal, state and tribal courtrooms across the country. The Chambers USA
guide ranks Troy among the top 14 attorneys practicing Native American law in the United States.
Areas of Concentration
White Collar Defense & Special Investigations
•Member of Greenberg Traurig's White Collar Defense & Special Investigations Group.
•Handles complex criminal and civil environmental enforcement actions - including federal and state grand jury proceedings and investigations - under the Clean Water Act, Clean Air Act, and other federal statutes, along with parallel state and/or Native American tribal enforcement activities, with clients ranging from individuals and small companies to the world's largest publicly traded corporation.
•Serves as a Special Investigator, appointed by Native American Tribal governments, to investigate alleged misappropriation of tribal funds and other wrongdoing to enforce tribal law and ethics codes, obtain restitution and - in coordination with federal law enforcement - refer matters to the United States Attorney's Office for possible prosecution.
Environmental, Energy and Natural Resources
•Litigates claims under the National Historic Preservation Act, National Environmental Policy Act, Religious Freedom Restoration Act, Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act, and other statutes in federal district and circuit courts of appeals.
•Advises project proponents on memoranda of understanding and programmatic agreements with federal land management agencies, including the US Forest Service, Bureau of Land Management, and Bureau of Indian Affairs, in support of the government-to-government consultation process with Native tribes and nations, and to achieve project proponents' effective compliance with the National Historic Preservation Act, the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act, and other laws.
•Negotiates cultural resource mitigation agreements with federally recognized Indian tribes to mitigate adverse impacts to various Native American and Alaska Native traditional cultural properties and sacred sites as provided in the National Historic Preservation Act and accompanying federal regulations.
•Directs and manages energy, transportation and other right-of-way negotiations on federal, state, private and Native American trust and allotted lands.
•Develops and implements Native American and Alaska Native tribal monitoring programs, and also cultural resource compliance measures, in support of project proponents' construction and permitting activities on federal public lands.
American Indian Law
•Co-Chairs Greenberg Traurig's American Indian Law Practice Group, a network of professionals who work on matters involving tribes and tribal entities from the East Coast to Alaska.
•Represented the private developer of the Grand Canyon Skywalk in its federal and tribal court litigation challenging the purported condemnation, by eminent domain, by a federally recognized Indian tribe of the developer's interest in a glass viewing platform built on Native American trust land - 4, 300 feet above the floor of the Grand Canyon - successfully exhausting tribal court remedies and leading to a confidential settlement.
•Counsels tribally owned enterprises and corporations in various commercial, banking, financial services, real estate, and other transactional matters.
•Litigates numerous cases in federal, state and tribal court on behalf of various Native American tribes and nation, as well as non-Indian companies and individuals dealing with tribes and tribal entities.
•Advises companies and individuals in the divestiture and acquisition of fee properties within the exterior boundaries of Indian reservations across the country, the conversion of fee lands into trust, and the leasing and development of tribal trust and allotted lands by tribes and non-Indian developers.
•Negotiates a wide range of agreements - on behalf of publicly traded corporations, and private companies and individuals - with tribal governments in matters involving asbestos and uranium remediation, hazardous waste transport and disposal, agricultural and farming operations on tribal trust lands and tribally owned fee lands, and real estate and commercial development.
•Handles various administrative and regulatory compliance activities involving Native American tribal governments, enterprises and companies, such as the Navajo Preference of Employment Act and other tribal employment rights/preference laws; tribal OSHA and workplace safety and enforcement activities; collective-bargaining and labor union organizing in tribal casinos and other properties; taxation matters; liquor and tobacco laws and regulations; banking and finance; and the development of traditional and renewable energy and mineral resources.
•Defends FINRA mediation and arbitration actions against non-Indian banks and financial institutions by Native American tribal governments alleging securities and other violations.
•Serves as an elected member of the Navajo Judicial Conduct Commission, the independent tribal governmental body overseeing ethics and performance of the Nation's judges and justices, and is past recipient of the Navajo Nation Bar Association's Member of the Year Award.
Health Care, Hospitals, and Regulatory Law and Compliance
•Represents major national and regional hospital systems in their full or partial conversion from non-profit to for-profit status, pursuant to state law and subject to state approval.
•Served as a Special Assistant Attorney General to the State of Colorado in the privatization, pursuant to federal and state law, of Program for All-Inclusive Care for the Elderly (PACE) facilities for dual eligibility Medicare-Medicaid patients.
•Named Colorado Lawyer of the Year by Law Week Colorado for representing The Colorado Health Foundation - the third largest private health care foundation in the United States - in the sale of its $1.5 billion equity interest to the nation's largest for-profit hospital system, advising the Foundation throughout the state regulatory approval process and successfully defending the adequacy of that process in Denver District Court and the Colorado Court of Appeals.
•Defended one of the world's largest medical device and pharmaceutical companies in mass-tort products liability and wrongful death actions in multiple Native American tribal courts.
•Represents Indian tribes in civil rights investigations and enforcement actions involving alleged misconduct by local law enforcement off-reservation, as well as “hospital-dumping” and the refusal to treat Native Americans in border town hospitals.
Professional and Community Involvement
•Board of Trustees, Center for the American West
•Alumni Leadership Council, German Marshall Fund of the United States
•Elected Member, Navajo Nation Commission on Judicial Conduct, 2016-Present
•At-Large Member, United States Sentencing Commission, Tribal Issues Advisory Committee, 2015-Present
•Adjunct Professor, University of Denver - Sturm College of Law, 2012-Present
•Appointed by the U.S. Senate and elected to chair the National Indian Law and Order Commission, which advises the President and Congress on public safety and criminal justice improvements for all 567 federal recognized Native American and Alaska Native Tribes and Nations, 2010-2014
•Member, Navajo Nation Bar Association
•Member, American Bar Association
•Member, Colorado Bar Association
•Member, Federal Bar Association
•Member, American Law Institute; currently working on the Restatement of the Law Third; The Law of American Indians
•Member, National Association of Former United States Attorneys
•Board Member, Mesa Verde National Park Foundation, 2011-Present
Awards and Recognition
•Listed, The Best Lawyers in America, Native American Law, 2013-2015 and 2017
•Team Member, Indian Country Today, 2016 Hot List: Indian Law Practitioners, 2016
•Recognized for distinguished public service by the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the U.S. Secret Service, the Drug Enforcement Administration, and more than two dozen federal, state, and tribal law enforcement agencies and professional organizations.
•Listed, Super Lawyers magazine, Colorado Super Lawyers, 2006-2009, 2011-2016
•Team Member, U.S. News - Best Lawyers, Best Law Firms Edition, Law Firm of the Year, Environmental Law, 2016
•Listed, Chambers USA Guide, 2010-2016
•Selected, 5280's Top Lawyers, Native American Law, 2015-2016
•Listed, Denver Business Journal, Who's Who in Energy, 2014-2015
•Selected, Law Week Colorado, Barrister's Best - Environmental Law, 2015
•Team Member, a U.S. News - Best Lawyers Government Relations Law Firm of the Year, 2014
•Selected, Navajo Nation Bar Association, “Member of the Year”
•Selected, Law Week Colorado, Colorado Lawyer of the Year
•Rated, AV Preeminent 5.0 out of 5
•United States Attorney, District of Colorado, August 2006-January 2009
•Cabinet Member, Colorado Governor Bill Owens, 1999-2003
•Chief Operating Officer & General Counsel, InfoTEST International, Inc., 1994-1998
•Associate, Holme Roberts & Owen LLP, Denver, Colorado, 1992-1994
•Law Clerk to Judge Edith H. Jones, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit, 1991-1992
Articles, Publications, & Lectures
Law360 Expert Analysis Features
•Author, Why Solar Projects Move Forward Despite Tribes' Objections, Law360, June 22, 2015
•Author, New Mexico High Court Ruling May Make Indian Country Safer, Law360, May 27, 2015
•Co-Author, Indian Law and Order Commission Proposals Gain Ground, Federal Lawyer, June 2015
•Author, Making Native America Safer and More Just for All Americans, Human Rights magazine, American Bar Association, May 2015
•Author, Colorado's Gregory J. Hobbs, Jr.: At the Headwaters of Justice, University of Denver Water Law Review, Spring 2015
•Author, Indian Youth Hurt by Colorado's Marijuana Experiment, The Denver Post, Opinion, July 26, 2014
•Featured, Eid Completes Term as Chair of Indian Law and Order Commission, NAFUSA Update, May 2014
•Quoted, Five for Fighting Indian Law Practitioners: 2016 Hot List, Indian Country Media Network, July 27, 2016
•Quoted, Breaking: Victory for Tribes as SCOTUS Ties in Dollar General, Indian Country Media Network, June 23, 2016
•Quoted, Thomas Kicks Hornets' Nest As Justices Back Tribal Courts, Law360, June 13, 2016
•Quoted, Tribal Justice on Trial: Dollar General, Part II, Indian Country Media Network, November 24, 2015
•Featured by Dan Frosch, Federal Panel Reviewing Native American Sentencing, The Wall Street Journal, April 22, 2015
•Quoted, Indian Tribes' New Negotiating Power Costs Utilities - Governments Demand Much Higher Right-of-Way Fees on Reservations, The Wall Street Journal, April 29, 2014
•Quoted, Legal Marijuana Raises Issues for Indian Tribes, Time online, February 6, 2014
•Guest Commentator, Colorado State of Mind, The state of Public Safety and Justice in Western U.S. Indian Country, as reported in the recent report from the National Indian Law and Order Commission on Rocky Mountain PBS (Channel 6-Denver/Front Range; Channel 8-Pueblo/Colorado Springs; Channel 18-Grand Junction/western Colorado), January 17, 2014
Selected Speaking Engagements
•Presenter, The Yates Memo: Prosecuting Executives for Corporate Wrongdoing in the Energy Sector, Lawline Webinar, July 20, 2016
•Keynote address, IP Protection for Native American Cultural Property, US Patent and Trademark Office, World Intellectual Property Protection Day, Denver, CO, April 25, 2016
•Speaker, Criminal Justice in Indian Country: A Roadmap for Reform, UCLA Law Review Symposium, Los Angeles, CA, February 5, 2016
•Program Co-Chair, Consulting with Tribes on Energy Projects, Cultural Resources Law 8th Annual Conference, Minneapolis, MN, October 19-20, 2015
•Presenter, The Third Sovereign Indian Tribes in the Federal Constitutional System, The Federalist Society (Aug. 18, 2015).
•Keynote Speaker, Respecting Anglo-American and Navajo Ethical Systems, Navajo Nation Bar Association, Twin Arrows, AZ, June 4, 2015
•Speaker, Alaska Native Nations: Building the Next 10, 000 Years, Our Ways of Life Lock-in, First Alaskans Institute, Bethel, AK, March 3, 2015
•Speaker, Marijuana, Federal Law and Tribal Sovereignty, Tribal Nations' Marijuana Conference, Tulalip, WA, February 27, 2015
•Speaker, Endorsing the Recommendations of the Indian Law and Order Commission in support of Resolution 111A, American Bar Association House of Delegates, Houston, TX, February 9, 2015
•Presenter, Ethics in Navajo Traditional Law, Navajo Nation Bar Association, Window Rock, AZ, December 5, 2014
• Ethics Issues in Doing Business with Native American and Alaska Native Tribes and Tribal Enterprises, Rocky Mountain Mineral Law Foundation, Special Workshop on Energy and Mineral Development in Indian Country, November 6-7, 2014, available on line at 2014 No. 5 RMMLF-INST Paper No. 16 (2014)
•Presenter, Colorado's Marijuana Experiment, Economic Club of Colorado, October 20, 2014
•Testified before the U.S. Attorney General's Task Force on Native American and Alaska Native Children Exposed to Violence, Anchorage, AK, June 11, 2014
•Panelist, Implementing the Violence Against Women Act, National Congress of American Indians, Anchorage, AK, June 9, 2014
•Testified before the U.S. Department of the Interior field hearing regarding proposed revisions to federal regulations governing the conversion of fee property into federal trust status in the State of Alaska, Anchorage, AK, June 9, 2014
•Keynote Speaker, Southern Florida Tribes and the Law, Florida International University Law Review Annual Conference, Boca Raton, FL, February 28, 2014
Associated News & Events
08.29.16 16 Greenberg Traurig Environmental Attorneys Listed in 2017 Edition of Best Lawyers in America
07.18.16 Lawline Showcases Greenberg Traurig Attorneys on Cutting-Edge Energy Issues
06.08.16 Greenberg Traurig Environmental Practice Again Recognized Nationwide in 2016 Chambers USA Guide
05.27.16 Greenberg Traurig Attorneys, Practices Included in the 2016 Chambers USA Guide
12.11.15 4 Greenberg Traurig Shareholders Listed in The Business Journals' 2015-2016 Who's Who in Energy
11.03.15 Greenberg Traurig Named 'Law Firm of the Year' for Environmental Law
09.30.15 Greenberg Traurig Shareholder Troy A. Eid Elected to Serve on the Navajo Nation Judicial Conduct Commission
05.27.15 Greenberg Traurig Environmental Attorneys Named in 2015 Chambers USA Guide
05.22.15 Greenberg Traurig Attorneys, Practices Included in the 2015 Chambers USA Guide
03.02.15 Greenberg Traurig's Troy Eid Appointed to U.S. Sentencing Commission's Tribal Issues Advisory Group
10.07.15 Fall Of Fracking Rule: When Agencies Don't Consult Tribes
07.20.15 Federal Narcotics Laws Can Still Trump Tribal Sovereignty
12.01.10 Separate but Unequal: The Federal Criminal Justice System in Indian Country
08.03.10 Bringing justice to Indian Country
03.01.10 The Tribal Law and Order Act: An Aggressive Fight Worth Winning
11.25.09 Federal actions speak louder than words
10.01.09 Making Indian Country Safer: Colorado's Admirable Experiment
10.01.09 An anti-terror census
04.01.09 Making Indian Country Safer: Opportunities for the Obama Administration