Robert Klotz



Robert Klotz is a partner in the Antitrust & Competition Practice Group in the firm's Brussels office.

Areas of Practice

Mr. Klotz concentrates on all aspects of EU and German competition and regulatory law and represents clients before the European Commission and national authorities, with a particular focus on network industries, such as energy, telecommunications, post and transport.

Previously he served for almost a decade as an official of the European Commission in DG Competition, dealing with high level antitrust cases, first in the Telecommunications and Post Unit, and subsequently in the Energy and Water Unit.


Legal 500 Europe, EU and Global Competition Law, 2017
•Competition/European Law, Chambers Global, 2017-2018
•Leading Lawyer, GCR, Who's Who Legal: Competition Law, 2016, 2017, and 2018
JUVE, 2017 and 2018


•Several major railway companies in EU antitrust investigations before the European Commission.
•Major postal operator in antitrust investigation before the German Federal Cartel Office.
•Czech electricity company in EU antitrust investigation, proceedings before the General Court, on EU/German merger filings, and on State aid issues.
•German industry association on EU State aid investigation in the field of renewable energy.
•Several German energy companies in State aid notifications for new power plants.
•US chemicals company on EU competition law and merger control for several joint venture projects.
•Major EU gas importer on EU antitrust law issues in international arbitration against third country exporter.
•International organization on State aid law enforcement in the electricity sector in South-East Europe.
•German energy association on exemption from public procurement rules for electricity generation and wholesale and for gas and electricity distribution in Germany.
•German utility company in EU infringement procedure for public procurement in the public transport sector.
•German telecommunication companies in merger control proceedings before the European Commission and the General Court in the mobile telephony sector.
•German broadcast transmission operator on EU regulatory and State aid issues.


EU Law Developments in Network Industries 2017”, Netzwirtschaften & Recht, February 2018

Caution Ahead: High and Unpredictable Fines for Gun Jumping , Competition and Regulatory Law Review, July 2017

Exemption from Public Procurement Rules for German Energy Markets , Recht der Energiewirtschaft, July 2017

EU Law Developments in Network Industries 2016 , Netzwirtschaften & Recht, January 2017

EU Law Developments in Network Industries 2015 , Netzwirtschaften & Recht, May 2016

Review of Electricity Bidding Zones under EU Competition Law , European Networks Law and Regulation, October 2015

EU Law Developments in Network Industries 2014 , Netzwirtschaften & Recht, February 2015

EU Law Developments in Network Industries 2013 , Netzwirtschaften & Recht, February 2014

Regulations and Antitrust in the Railway Sector: The Right Track Towards More Effective Competition? , European Networks Law and Regulation, November 2013

EU Law Developments in Network Industries 2012 , Netzwirtschaften & Recht, February 2013

Concerted practices in the telecoms sector, Concurrences 1-2013 , February 2013

High Fines and Network Sales - Stricter Antitrust Enforcement in the Energy Sector , Energie, Markt, Wettbewerb, 3/2011, June 2011

Broadband Rollout in the EU: How to Stimulate Investment and Competition , MLex Magazine, January 2011

Book Chapters

“Cartels and Restrictive Agreements in the Liberalized Telecommunication Sector - EU and National Competition Law Enforcement”, ZEI - Governance and Regulation in the European Union, (eds. Koenig/Kuhnhardt), 2017

The Spider in the Web - the Role of the Commission as a Regulatory Legal Hub in Europe , Kontinuitat und Wandel bei europaisierten Aufsichts- und Regulierungsstrukturen, (eds. Manger-Nestler/Gramlich), 2016

Article 101 - Distribution Agreements; Article 106 - Public Intervention into Competition; Competition Law in Regulated Sectors , Kommentar zum Europaischen Wettbewerbsrecht, EU Competition Law Treatise (eds. SchrOter/Jakob/Klotz/Mederer), 2nd edition 2014

'EU Regulatory Framework for Electronic Communications and EU Competition Law Practice in the Telecommunication Sector ', TKG-Kommentar (ed. Sacker), 3rd edition 2013

' The Liberalisation of the EU Telecommunications Markets and The Application of EU Competition Law in the Telecommunications Sector ', EU Competition and Telecommunications Law (eds.Koenig/Bartosch/Braun/Romes), 2nd edition 2009

Competition Law Enforcement in Regulated Sectors (Telecommunications and Energy) , Competition Law: European Community Practice and Procedure (eds. Hirsch/Montag/Sacker), 2007

Antitrust Law Blog Posts

• 10 EU Competition & Regulatory Trends to Watch for in 2018, January 23, 2018
• EU Telecoms Regulation Based on Unilateral Market Power Would be Contrary to EU Law , June 21, 2017
• Top 12 EU Legal Developments to Watch in 2017 , January 23, 2017

Speaking Engagements

• Market coupling, market splitting, power exchanges and the role of competition law , Conference on Competition Law in the Energy Sectors, Vienna, December 4, 2017
• Big Data and Privacy - Should these be Competition Concerns at all? CoRe-Conference, Panel Chairman, Brussels, November 30, 2017
• E-Commerce: The Commission Regulatory Initiative to Complement (or Substitute?) Competition Law Enforcement , CoRe Symposium, Brussels, May 15, 2017
• The New Electricity Market Design, What’s in it for New Entrants? , Vienna Forum on European Energy Law, May 4-5, 2017
• Current Trends in Regulating Postal Markets and Cross-Border Parcel Deliveries , 2nd German Postal law Conference, Bonn, October 7, 2016
• EU Policy on Damages for Infringement of Competition Rules , B.I.T.A. Conference, Vilnius, February 4, 2016
• The Spider in the Web - the Role of the Commission as a Regulatory Legal Hub in Europe , 2nd Conference on Continuity and Change in European Supervisory and Regulatory Structures, Leipzig, June 12, 2015
• Mobile Mergers: is it all About Spectrum? , 26th Annual Communications and Competition Law Conference, London, May 11-12, 2015
• News on EU Postal Law and Abuse Control , German Postal Law Conference, Bonn, March 4, 2015
• EU Internal Energy Market: What Remaining Obstacles for Competition? , 7th International Energy Forum, St. Gallen, November 28, 2014
• Cartels-Dawn Raids , QED 2014 EU Competition Law Summit, Brussels, September 11, 2014
• The European Antitrust Law in Network Industries , 20th European Law Forum, Wurzburg, June 27, 2014
• 2014 Trends in Competition Law: Challenges and Opportunities for Lithuanian Businesses , Vilnius, March 20, 2014
• Enforcing Energy Law and Investor Protection , Panel Chairman, Forum on European Energy Law, Vienna, March 14, 2014
• Market Liberalization and Regulation of European Network Industries , Panel Chairman, ENLR Conference, Brussels, November 14-15, 2013
• How does the EU Promote Fossil Fuel Power Plant Projects? , European New Build Power, Koln, September 11, 2013
• Minimizing Distortions in the European Energy Markets , Chairman of Energy Market Forum Task Force, Center for European Policy Studies, Brussels, 2013
• Antitrust Enforcement in the Energy Sector Through Arbitration and Damage Claims , 8th EU Energy Law & Policy Conference, Brussels, February 6, 2013
• Restructuring Gas Markets through Competition Law Enforcement , 6th International Energy Forum, St. Gallen, December 13-14, 2012
• Over-enforcement of Competition Law in the EU? , The Transatlantic Marketplace: Challenges and Opportunities Beyond 2012, 6th Annual Transatlantic Business Conference, Frankfurt, November 14-15, 2012
• EU Energy Policy: What is the Impact on the German Energy Markets? , Panel Chairman, 9. Deutscher Regulierungskongress, Berlin, September 26, 2012
• Energy Roadmap 2050 and Cooperation with Switzerland , Energiewirtschaft Schweiz 2012, Zurich, June 27, 2012
• Abuse of Dominance in the Energy Sector , 4th Claeys and Casteels Energy Law Masterclass, Brussels, June 13, 2012


•CoRe Competition Law Conference
Does Competition Law Need an Update for Online Markets?
Brussels, Belgium , November 30, 2017
• Breakfast with Europe Webinar Series
November 16, 2017
• Breakfast with Europe Webinar Series
September 21, 2017
• Breakfast with Europe Webinar Series
February 16, 2017
• Breakfast with Europe Webinar Series
January 19, 2017

Areas of Practice (4)

  • Antitrust and Competition
  • EU Competition and Regulatory
  • Communications
  • Energy, Infrastructure and Project Finance

Education & Credentials

Contact Information:
+32 (0)2 290 7906  Phone
+32 (0)2 290 7901  Fax
Law School Attended:
Hamburg, First State Law Examination 1991; University of Montpellier, Master's degree in Business Law, 1992; Hamburg, Second State Law Examination - bar exam, 1994
Year of First Admission:
1996, Hamburg, Germany; 2008, Brussels, Belgium (E List)


•Managing Editor, CoRe (European Competition and Regulatory Law Review), since 2017
•Executive Managing Editor, ENLR (European Networks Law and Regulation Quarterly), 2013 to 2016
•Faculty Member, Master of Business, Competition and Regulatory Law, Freie Universitat Berlin, 2011 to present
•Founding Member, Industry Advisory Board, International Energy Forum, St. Gallen, 2007 to 2015
•Faculty Member, Master of European Law, Europa-lnstitut, Universitat Saarbrucken, 2005 to present
•Faculty Member, Master of European Studies (MES), ZEI, Universitat Bonn, 2003 to present

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