St. Lawrence University, B.A., 1973; State University of New York at Oneonta, M.A., 1981; University of Oxford Templeton College, Strategic Leadership Programme, 2002
Law School Attended:
Syracuse University College of Law, J.D.
Year of First admission:
1983, U.S. District Court, Northern District of New York; 1985, U.S. Tax Court and U.S. Supreme Court; 1982, New York