Employers, including municipal employers, have historically struggled to develop a health insurance benefit program for their employees that provides quality benefits and is cost-effective. After the Health Insurance Marketplace opened for business, many employers recommended that their employees use it to purchase individual health insurance policies, with the promise that the premium costs would be reimbursed by the employer. In fact, such employee reimbursement strategies were aggressively marketed to employers as a solution to reduce costs and comply with the requirements of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (“ACA”). Little did these employers (and marketers) know, such arrangements exposed the employers to significant penalties under the ACA.
In September 2013, the IRS issued Notice 2013-54 that made clear that an employer arrangement that paid for employees’ individual health insurance policy premiums on a pre-tax basis violated the ACA. An employer that offered such an arrangement would be subject to a $100 per day per affected employee penalty ($36,500 per year, per employee).
In November 2014, the U.S. Departments of Labor, the Internal Revenue Service and the Department of Health and Human Services expanded on IRS Not. 2013-54 by publishing Frequently Asked Questions (the “2014 Guidance”). The 2014 Guidance expressly stated that an employer’s provision of a cash reimbursement to employees for their purchase of an individual marketplace policy was subject to the ACA requirements “without regard to whether the employer treat[ed] the money as pre-tax or post-tax to the employee.” The guidance made clear that an arrangement where the employer offered employees cash to reimburse the purchase of an individual marketplace policy can trigger significant penalties.
So what can employers do in light of this guidance? There are strategies to consider to correct any improper reimbursements made during 2014. There are also options for putting in place different arrangements for 2015 that are ACA compliant. Time is of the essence, as penalties continue to accrue and enrollment periods will soon be ending.
In the interim, be wary of plans or arrangements that may be marketed to you that purport to allow reimbursement of employee health insurance. Just because something seems to be compliant with the ACA, doesn’t mean that it is. Please consult with knowledgeable legal counsel before taking any such actions; the consequences of being wrong could be expensive.
- Read the IRS Notice 2013-54: http://www.irs.gov/pub/irs-drop/n-13-54.pdf
- Read the 2014 Guidance: http://www.dol.gov/ebsa/faqs/faq-aca22.html
- Read full December 2014 Municipal Law News