- Alternatives Now That the H-1B Cap Has Been Reached
- June 13, 2012 | Authors: Mark J. Newman; Aimee Clark Todd
- Law Firm: Troutman Sanders LLP - Atlanta Office
U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) announced that, effective June 11, 2012, the H-1B cap had been reached. The cap applies only to petitions for new H-1B employment, not to H-1B extensions or an H-1B change of employer (unless the prior employer was cap-exempt). Now that the cap has been reached, H-1B petitions subject to the cap cannot be filed again until April 1, 2013, for a work start date of October 1, 2013.
Employers who need to hire a foreign worker and would normally use the H-1B category should consider the alternative categories that are available:
- As mentioned above, employers may file H-1B petitions for those already in H-1B status previously subject to the cap, or who held such status during the last six years (and who have not remained outside the U.S. for one year or longer).
- H-1B petitions for certain nonprofit or government research organizations and certain university or college employees, including those working for related research entities, are exempt from the cap.
- H-1B1 petitions for nationals of Singapore and Chile are subject to a separate cap, which has not been reached.
- The H-2B category is available for certain intermittent, peak-load or seasonal work (also subject to a cap).
- The H-3 and J-1 categories are available for those receiving training in the U.S.
- E-1/E-2 petitions can be filed if a treaty with the person’s home country exists and the U.S. company is owned at least 50% by individuals or entities with that same nationality.
- E-3 petitions may be filed for nationals of Australia, with similar requirements as the H-1B category.
- I petitions can be filed for foreign media workers (note that this is not available for regular employment of a media worker in the U.S., but only for foreign media workers temporarily in the U.S. on behalf of a foreign entity).
- L-1 petitions can be filed for certain internal transfers from related companies abroad.
- O petitions can be filed for individuals of extraordinary ability in their field.
- P petitions can be filed for certain coaches, athletes, entertainers and culturally unique performers.
- R petitions can be filed for religious workers.
- TN petitions can be filed for nationals of Canada or Mexico working in a listed occupation.
- The B-1 in lieu of H-1B or H-3 category is available for individuals who will remain on foreign payroll while on a brief work trip to the U.S. This category is highly scrutinized.
- Individuals may wish to enroll in a U.S. school to obtain F-1 or M-1 student status and return to school, waiting for an employer to file an H-1B petition when the cap opens again next year.
As you can see, there are various alternatives to the H-1B category but each is very limited in its own way. For this reason, every case must be assessed on its own merits.