- H-1B Filing Date for Cap Subject Petitions: What Employers and Employees Need to Know
- January 11, 2013 | Author: Vinh Duong
- Law Firm: Waller Lansden Dortch & Davis, LLP - Nashville Office
On April 1, 2013, employers will be permitted to submit new H-1B petitions to U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (“USCIS”) for Fiscal Year 2014. As in previous years, April 1 is the earliest date that employers may submit new “cap subject” petitions to USCIS, and October 1, 2013, is the earliest date that a foreign worker may commence employment under a “cap subject” petition. Employers that anticipate the need to file new “cap subject” H-1B petitions should be prepared to file the H-1B petition with USCIS no later than April 1, 2013.
The H-1B cap refers to the annual numerical limitations set by Congress for H-1B non-immigrant classification. The H-1B cap controls the number of foreign nationals who can be issued a visa in a given fiscal year. The H-1B cap also controls the number of foreign nationals already in the United States who may be authorized to change their status to a cap-subject classification.
The current H-1B cap is set at 65,000, of which up to 6,800 H-1B visas are set aside each fiscal year for nationals of Chile and Singapore. In addition, the H-1B Visa Reform Act of 2004 allocates an additional 20,000 new H-1B visas for foreign workers with a Master's or higher level degree from a U.S. academic institution.
Not all H-1B non-immigrants are subject to the H-1B cap. The H-1B cap generally does not apply to persons who have already been previously counted against the cap and/or are seeking to extend their stay in H-1B status or requesting concurrent employment. Further, H-1B non-immigrants are exempt from the cap if they are employed by, or have received an offer of employment from, institutions of higher education or a related or affiliated nonprofit entity, as well as nonprofit research organizations or a governmental research organizations. However, if an employer wishes to hire an H-1B employee who is currently employed at such an entity, the new petition would be subject to the H-1B cap. Lastly, physicians who have been approved for a Conrad 30 waiver of the two-year foreign residence requirement based on work in a medically underserved area are also exempt from the H-1B cap.
We anticipate that the demand for H-1Bs will increase this year. In light of the anticipated demand and because of the timing issues created by the U.S. Department of Labor’s iCERT system for Labor Condition Applications, employers should identify early which current and/or prospective employees may benefit from an H-1B petition and take the necessary steps to prepare and file their H-1B petitions no later than April 1, 2013.