- Different Types of Workplace Hazards
- February 14, 2018
Sometimes the nature of a job puts a worker in danger, but employers should minimize risks and eliminate hazards. When employees get hurt on the job or while completing a job-related function, a workers' compensation claim may be in order.
Being able to identify hazards that have led to injuries may help in building a solid case.
Unsafe working conditions
People who work around heavy machinery may be at high risk of an injury, but guards around moving parts could lower the chances of harm. Meanwhile, an office worker could be electrocuted if the employer has provided an extension cord that is frayed. All employers should inspect and maintain job sites for safety. Other unsafe situations include slip, trip and fall hazards such as slick surfaces or objects in a walkway. Confined spaces and malfunctioning equipment are also common workplace hazards.
Part of a safe environment is a workstation that allows employees to perform their duties without putting unnecessary or dangerous strain on the musculoskeletal system. For example, desks, keyboards and chairs should be the right height for a person's body type to prevent poor posture. Stockers should have back support or lifting equipment that allows them to move boxes without pulling a muscle or otherwise damaging their spine.
Biological and chemical hazards
Biological and chemical hazards are types of hazards that many workers encounter while on the job. The exposure to dangerous chemicals and bodily fluids is what creates the hazardous situation. There are a variety of substances that fit into this category, ranging from gases to cleaning products, as well as animal feces and bacteria.
Mental health hazards
Work organization hazards create a mentally and emotionally hazardous environment. This type of hazard is the most relative type of danger, but there are a few common actions that fit the mold, such as:
• Sexual harassment
• Lack of control
• Workplace violence
• Excessive workload demandsConsidering the nature of mental health hazards, they may not be easy to prove, but it is possible. Employees should try to gather as much evidence as possible to help substantiate the claim.