• What Is a Placental Abruption?
  • October 22, 2018 | Author: Stephen Samuel Crandall
  • Law Firm: Crandall & Pera Law, LLC - Cleveland Office
  • The serious pregnancy complication referred to as placenta abruption affects about one percent of all pregnancies. This condition occurs when the placenta either partially or completely separates from the uterus wall prior to delivery. When placental abruption does not occur, the birth of the child occurs first and the placenta is delivered second.

    When placental abruption occurs, the mother faces the threat of massive bleeding. Reduced blood flow and oxygen to the baby is one of the most serious potential consequences of this condition. Many times, placental abruption occurs suddenly, and if it is not treated correctly and promptly, severe injury to the mother and birth injury to the infant can occur. Although the condition can occur early in pregnancy, it usually takes place after 20 weeks or in the third trimester during labor and delivery.

    The placenta provides the baby with the following benefits:

    · Removal of waste

    · Provision of oxygen

    · Fostering the development of the umbilical cord

    · Supplying hormones for support of the pregnancy

    · Helping prevent infection

    The mother and baby must be monitored closely if placental abruption is suspected. If the placenta is partially separated, complete separation can occur quickly, requiring the need to immediately deliver the baby, most often via an emergency cesarean section.

    What is the evidence of a placental abruption?

    Some notable symptoms of placental abruption include:

    · Back pain

    · Sudden abdominal pain

    · Low blood pressure

    · Vaginal tenderness

    · Fetal distress

    · Heavy bleeding

    · Prolonged uterine contractions

    Due to the mother’s loss of blood because of the placental abruption, the infant is placed under considerable distress. Fetal hypoxia is always a concern when the baby’s blood supply is threatened. During the delivery process, doctors can electronically monitor the infant’s heart rate to determine if the baby is tolerating the vaginal delivery. The doctor must be in a position to perform an emergency C-section to protect the health of the baby due to the threat of hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy.

    Risk factors connected with placental abruption

    Below are some factors that can increase the risk of placental abruption:

    · Previous placental abruption

    · Mother’s age greater than 40

    · Low birth weight

    · Preeclampsia

    · Chorioamnionitis – bacterial infection inflaming the fetal membrane and possibly leading to prolonged labor

    · Multiple babies during pregnancy

    · Cocaine use

    · Cigarette smoking

    A reduced flow of oxygen and blood to your baby poses a significant danger to his or her health. A placental abruption leading to these consequences can leave your baby with a brain injury. If your baby has sustained a brain injury as a result of doctors improperly managing a separated placenta, you may have a solid case of birth injury and medical malpractice.

    You are owed a duty-of-care by your presiding obstetrician and other medical professionals during the course of your pregnancy and delivery. If you are not provided this care and the risks of complications to you and your baby are not explained, doctors, medical professionals, or the hospital may be held liable for any injuries the baby suffers as a result. At Crandall & Pera Law, we are here to help you secure any rightful compensation you are owed for a birth injury your baby suffers due to placental abruption or any other occurrence. To request a free consultation about your case, call us today or visit our website.