- General Requirements for Adverse Possession
- March 19, 2013
- Law Firm: Alagood Cartwright P.C. - Denton Office
The elements of an adverse possession claim or “title by limitations” claim depend on which particular statute of the Texas Civil Practice & Remedies Code applies. The remainder of this series shall discuss each separate statute in more detail. For now, start with the proposition that there are statutes which contain limitations periods of 3, 5, and 10 years, an also three (3) statutes which have 25 year limitations periods. Each statute has certain elements which are common with the other statutes and its own particular set of elements which must be proven to establish title by “limitations” or “adverse possession”.
The common elements which must be proven in order to establish such a claim are as follows: (1) visible appropriation and possession of the land, sufficient to give notice to the record title holder, that it (2) peaceable, (3) under claim of right hostile to the title holder’s claim, and (4) that continues for the duration specified in the applicable statute.*
Each particular statute will require additional elements beyond those described herein. Those elements will be discussed in the future parts of this series. However, neither knowledge of the rights of the record holder nor any intent to dispossess the record owner of the real property is a required element of an adverse possession claim. An adverse possession claim must be established by the strength of the claimant’s title (veracity and accuracy of the proof of each element of the applicable limitations statute) and not on the weakness of the record owner’s title (or lack of evidence thereof). There are no presumptions favoring an adverse possession claimant’s claim. The burden of proof solely rests on the adverse possession claimant. An adverse possession claim is typically a question of fact not law.
*Each of these elements als have sub-parts or sub-factors which need to be considered, and which will also comprise a future Part in the remainder of this series.