- Baron & Budd Takes Georgia-Pacific v. Bostic to the Supreme Court of Texas
- November 23, 2010 | Author: David A. Oliver
- Law Firm: Vorys, Sater, Seymour and Pease LLP - Houston Office
Georgia-Pacific v. Bostic, which prompted us to write The End of Toxic Tort Litigation in Texas? may be on its way to the Texas Supreme Court. Here's Baron & Budd's Petition For Review. Bostic is a mesothelioma case in which plaintiff prevailed at trial against a peripheral defendant but lost the claim on appeal when the Fifth Court of Appeals held that she had failed to prove that her decedent's exposure to that peripheral defendant's product was a "but for" cause of his fatal cancer.
Bostic's best argument is that the application of a "but for" standard of causation to a particular exposure by the appellate court makes it impossible for any toxic tort plaintiff whose illness was allegedly caused by one or more of several exposures to prevail. Here, plaintiffs get it exactly right. Whenever plaintiff's injury has been proved to have been caused "but for" a bullet (as in the "one hit" case of Summers v. Tice) or "but for" a sufficiently high concentration of salt (as in a cumulative injury as in Landers v. Texas Salt Water Disposal Co.), and where each actor's conduct was tortious, plaintiff is relieved of the logically impossible task of proving that each tortfeasor's conduct was a "but for" cause. The Texas Supreme Court has already made this point in in the asbestos context in Borg-Warner v. Flores.
Baron & Budd gets it wrong however when they argue that (1) Borg-Warner only demands a Lohrmann-esque frequency, regularity and proximity exposure qualification in malignancy cases in general and in mesothelioma cases in particular; (2) that dose, and therefore risk, quantification is only required when the parties dispute what, in general, caused plaintiff's injury (e.g. it ought not be required when the parties agree that asbestos exposure was responsible for a plaintiff's mesothelioma); and, (3) that the standard for substantial factor causation somehow changes according to the facts of the case.
The whole point of Borg-Warner and the almost two decades of Texas Supreme Court cases that preceded it is to put the requirement for demonstrating wrongful, unreasonable conduct back into the state's law of torts. Georgia-Pacific should have prevailed on appeal not because plaintiff couldn't prove that its asbestos initiated Bostic's cancer but because its product posed at most a de minimis risk of mesothelioma. And if all your product poses is a vanishingly small risk of harm, in this a world of inevitable and uncountable risks, then you've acted neither unreasonably nor wrongfully and the substantial factor test, which is a combined query about necessary causation and legal responsibility, will decide the matter and you'll not be deprived of your property. It's precisely because calculations of risk (the measure of the reasonable man), which are derived from estimates of dose, often show peripheral defendants to have acted neither wrongfully nor unreasonably that plaintiffs' counsel hate dose estimation.