Bloomsburg University, M.A.; University of Pittsburgh, Graduated School of Public & International Affairs, Ph.D.
Law School Attended:
Ain Shams University, Faculty of Law, Cairo, Egypt, LL.B.; The American University, Washington College of Law, LL.M.
1999, Egypt; 2004, District of Columbia, U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia and Egyptian Court of Appeals; France; registered to practice before the Egyptian Ministry Patent and Trademark Office