The government has the power to take private property for public use through a process known as eminent domain. Eminent domain (sometimes called condemnation) is often invoked by governments that are building new roads or public buildings, or for purposes related to public safety. If you've been notified that the government wants to take your property, talk to an eminent domain attorney immediately. At best, you may be able to retain ownership of your land. The Fifth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution also requires governments to fairly compensate the owners of a property, but the proper valuation may be subject to debate. An eminent domain lawyer or law firm can help you negotiate fair and just compensation for your property.